Sanding a Timber Floor



Timber floors are a must have as they add to your homes’ value. Timber floors are durable and appealing and when they start to wear and tear they can easily be restored to their original state with polishing and sanding. Timber floors are resistant to staining and moisture damage, easy to clean, and does not harbor dust mites or even odors. You can hire a professional or do the sanding on your own. You can restore your floor from scratches and scuffs so that it looks as good as new and it retains its original value. Here are floor sanding tips that can help your restore your floors’ glory.

  • Get the right equipment

When it comes to floor sanding, you need to have the essential equipment with you. Floor sanding can either be done by hand or using special sanding machines. Floor sanding by hand can be time-consuming. Therefore, you need to lease or buy the right equipment to get the job done easily and quickly. The two types of sanding machines are the disc type and the drum type. The difference is that with a drum sander, you mount the sandpaper onto a cylindrical whereas, with the disc type, you mount the sandpaper on a circular disc.

  • Make initial repairs

If you want your timber floor to have a new look, make sure that you repair any gouges or splits before sanding or polishing. Initials repairs help to make the job easier and less demanding. Also, see to it that you inspect metal nail heads before sanding. If you happen to come across any nail heads, make a point of countersinking them to avoid damaging the sander head or tearing up the sandpaper.

  • Get the right sandpaper

Before you start sanding, make sure to choose the right sandpaper for the job. It is advisable that you choose sandpaper based on the size of its grits. Coarse grits are quicker but can leave visible scratches behind. Sanding with fine grits can take longer but leaves scratches that are not visible. Choose the size of the grits based on the nature of your floor. You can use both the course and fine grits, starting with the rough one and end with the finest. As such, you are likely to get a smooth result and allow sealant and stain to adhere in the right manner. It is good that you get consistent with the time you spend sanding any area since you might end up damaging the floor if you sand a particular area for too long.

  • Check your floors’ depth

Before you think of floor sanding on your own, it is wise that you check the depth of your floor. If your floor is thin, consider looking for a reputable professional sander to assign the job. Thin floors can be difficult to sand if you do not have enough experience. Avoid sanding thin floors on your own because you can easily weaken the floors. Also, ensure that you remove quarter-round and baseboard trim before sanding. Floor sanding can lower the height of your floor creating a wide gap between the trim and the floor.


Go Green with These Four Eco-Friendly Plumbing Practices



Eco-plumbing aka green plumbing is a growing trend amongst homeowners. Water usage at home dictates largely how ‘green’ or otherwise your home is. The good thing is that becoming part of the green plumbing revolution is very easy.


Wasting water and electricity in your home is the last thing you want. Going “eco-friendly” with sustainable plumbing techniques and products is inexpensive and easy. The following are ways you can go green with plumbing practices:


Go eco-friendly with toilets


Households can reduce their water consumption through newer environmental-friendly dual-flush toilets. Toilets with water-efficient flush use less water. Dual-flush toilets have levers or buttons that allow users to choose either short or long flush. On the hand, pressure-assisted toilets use compressed air to shove water from the tank to bowl. Both types of toilets reduce water consumption. They are much better compared to the traditional gravity-fed models.


Go eco-friendly with water-efficient fixtures


You can also go green on your plumbing escondido fixtures by using adjustable-steam and low-flow showerheads and restrictors on faucets. These easy to install showerheads will reduce your water consumption drastically because of their low flow nature. You could also save many gallons of water every year if you install water-efficient aerators on your faucets. Aerators are affordable and readily available at local home stores. Another way you can go eco-friendly on fixtures is by downsizing tubs. All these measures contribute to an eco-friendly living. The benefits are numerous.

Go eco-friendly with water-efficient appliances


Do you have old appliances that need replacement? Well, the best way to replace older and water-inefficient models is by buying environmental-friendly appliances. Such appliances include refrigerators, tankless water heaters, dishwashers, washers, and hot water heaters. By buying EnergyStar appliances, you are able to save radically on cost. Moreover, your appliances produce fewer emissions that can harm the environment.

Go eco-friendly on the outside


You can also extend your green campaign to the outdoors. By using drip irrigation for shrubs and plants, you can be able to cut water consumption big time. Alternatively, you can turn to sensor- or weather-based irrigation control technologies. Such systems utilize advanced irrigation controllers that allow irrigation to closely match the plants’ water requirements.


Go eco-friendly with low-flow shower-heads


Installing low-flow shower-heads is another high-impact, low-cost green plumbing option. Over the years, these shower-heads have undergone some serious technological advances that put them in the same league as most regular shower-heads. Therefore, you can trust them as much as the normal ones.

Another strategy to cut down water usage


Remember to water plants intensely (deeply) but infrequently. This is because plants do better if you allow the soil to dry out in between watering. Doing this can save you many gallons of water monthly especially of your home has a large number of plantings.


Advancements in technology provide effective and greener energy sources for your plumbers escondido practices. They go a long way in helping your “go green plumbing efforts.” To benefit you greatly, the green campaign should be employed both inside and outside your home. By doing the above, you can reduce water consumption by close to 50%. .

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How To Prevent Racism





The word “racism” is any specific type of action involving a restriction or a preference based on colour, exclusion, distinction, religion, descent, and ethnic or national origin. Racism is very powerful, and the action of it in an individual impairs their view on the equal rights of other individuals pertaining to their colour or nationality. There are different types of racism and where it typically occurs in society. Racism can become a dangerous thing, and if we do not find some way to prevent it, it could lead to some serious issues.


Types Of Racism


There are 3 specific types of racism and they include individual, institutional, and cultural. These types mean exactly how they sound. Individual racism is when an act of racist behaviour includes an individual or even a group. Institutional racism is when schools become a part of the racism and they discriminate those individuals who are of a certain colour. Cultural racism specifically involves any social racist ideas or beliefs within all types of social areas. These areas can include stores, businesses, social media, the press, etc.

These different types of racism can be found among many different areas in society today. You can find racism, or racist actions, in students, staff members, amongst peers, and within public groups and individuals. There are several ways that people become involved in racist behaviours. They can be found within insults due to the persons nature or nationality, written offensive comments, verbal comments, offensive pictures, and discrimination when it comes to jobs, services, and even education.

Experiencing Racism


Whenever you find yourself under attack of racism, there are several things that you can do to try and get the situation resolved. Whenever you are in school or on a job, there are many ways that you can protect yourself if you feel like you are being harassed or attacked. If you need to resolve a racist issue, you can talk to a professional in this area to help. They can approach the racist individual and tell them that the behaviour and the racist comments need to stop immediately. You can make a formal complaint or even talk to your supervisor, teacher, or professional that is above you. There are also union’s that can be contacted to make sure that the situation gets handled properly and professionally.




Even though racism can be an overwhelming and scary situation to handle, there are many things that can be done to prevent this type of actions from occurring. The many professionals and those in charge can easily promote and encourage a mutual respect between individuals. It is important to support policies that are against racism and to do so in an open manor. If you become a witness to any type of racist behaviour or attacks, it is important to make sure and report it immediately. This way the situation can be addressed as soon as possible and taken care of. The individuals that you do witness are under attack, you can offer support to them and help them as the issues are being handled. Whether you are a teacher, principle, supervisor, or any other type of individual in charge, make sure that you circulate all of this important information about racism around your school or job site. You will need to make sure that everyone understands what the consequences will be if there is any type of racists behaviour on the site. When people are aware of the rules before hand, it will help to prevent any serisous racism issues from arising.




In conclusion, it is important to bring these types of racist issues to light, and to stand up against the act of racism. When more people decide to take a stand against these issues, that is when the act of this type of behaviour will be knocked down. The only way to defeat racist behaviours is to try to prevent it. The more individuals fight against racism from building up, the less that these acts and behaviour will be able to flare up. It needs to be prevented and conquered, before it ends up taking a serious turn for the worst.

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 The core beliefs or doctrines of racism are that one’s own race is superior to another and can dominate the others or that a certain racial group is inferior to the others. Primarily, racism has affected people of color. For centuries in America, black people were under slavery and experienced cruel mistreatment, violence, malnutrition, and degradation. They faced discrimination and assumed inferior to other races and were denied right to vote, schooling, to go to particular public places and employment.


Today, organizations and laws have come up to protect against unequal treatment and discrimination. While a lot of improvement has been made on the basic rights of all regardless of color, a lot of stereotypes still exist within society such as young black boys are aggressive, lazy and dangerous. Muslims are assumed terrorists due to recent attacks such as 9/11, and white people are assumed to be wealthy.

The increased use of technology, the internet, and social media networks has led to cyber racism. Cyber racism is defined as the transmission of racist behavior, attitudes and racially offensive content that is intended to cause distress or harm to another person. Cyberbullying and racial hatred may be presented as cyber racism. Within seconds, material defined as racist can be transmitted from one person to the next and eventually to thousands. The internet has opened up and allows one to self-publish which is leading to websites that are not entirely correct and sites with content that is racially motivated. Social media networks such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram have provided platforms that are being used to create forums for racist material. Research [1] presented by Monash University shows that cyber racism can be as damaging as face-to-face racism and has the physical and emotional impact on the victims it impacts.


One of the founders of Islamophobia Register encountered first hand cyber racism when neo-Nazi organization from the United States urged its 5,000 Facebook followers to flood her social media account with offensive threats–some of the threats advocated for her murder. These death threats were taken seriously, and she had police patrolling her house overnight as she had to worry about her safety in the real world. Susan Carland, who is an academic and Muslim community advocate, tweet made international headlines. She tweeted she would give to UNICEF a dollar for every hate tweet she received and had donated $1,000 so far.


Racist comments to Premier football players have led to the prosecution of several offenders, with most offenders providing the strongest evidence against themselves through their digital comments. Former Liverpool striker Stan Collymore who has been a victim on “Twacism” also known as Twitter racism has been raising awareness of inappropriate remarks on Twitter and actively campaigns against racism. Twitter has gone on record to say that it is a neutral platform but reviews all violations and act on a case by case basis.


Victims of cyber racism should as well, use all available channels to report incidences. From using the Social media report buttons, or alerting relevant authorities to ensure there is a record. While authorities try their best to make sure that what is illegal offline is also illegal online and ensure perpetrators of cyber racism are held accountable, there is still a long way to go to ensure that technology is used to create harmony within communities and deal with racist thoughts and racist comments.


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